Use Sources A, B and C and your own knowledge.
How far did the policy of industrialisation meet Stalin’s objectives by 1941? (24 marks) Stalin’s aim was to modernise the USSR by means of the five-year plans which saw an emphasis on enforced and rapid industrialisation in order to catch up with the advance western capitalist economies. Source A shows Stalin’s motives for industrialisation similar to that in source B, industrialisation is for the benefit of the workers and to fight against class enemies. However, Source A expresses a wider awareness of the vulnerable USSR in the hostile world around it which was caused as a result of the countries backwardness in comparison to the Western economies. In addition to the previous motive, Stalin also held an ideological one. Stalin proposed the idea of ‘Socialism in one country’, although, it is interesting that from Marxist theory, socialism (which would eventually turn to communism,) must prevail throughout the entire world. Staling wanted to show the superiority of socialism/communism over the western way of capitalism. The 5 year plans demonstrate how Stalin felt the need to use industrialisation as a tool for constructing a communist party. Also by the end of the 5 year plans, the USSR had become the 2nd largest economy in the world behind America meaning that they had overtaken many of the Western capitalist countries showing that industrialisation had helped the USSR become less vulnerable and backward. Source B shows his ideology had inconsistencies however and that he had alterative motives; as this source expresses ideas which include class warfare against class enemies such as the NEP and exploiting industrialisation to further his own position. During his consolidation of power towards becoming a single party state leader, Stalin did achieve this objective as he shifted his ideologies to exploit the events. Initially he sided with the rightists, but after Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev were expelled...
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