wold history 1914-present

Topics: Cold War, Soviet Union, World War II Pages: 28 (3934 words) Published: November 17, 2013
Cram Packet
1914 to Present
BIG IDEAS:
The 20th Century was a time when the world got “smaller.” Communication and transportation made it possible to connect to every part of the globe and even into outer space.
The United States came to dominate the world during the 20th century and our culture spread everywhere (McWorld) Not every part of the globe felt comfortable with the Americanization of the world. American values can be interpreted as being based upon consumerism, greed, sex, and violence (remember our movies and music are everywhere). Many societies viewed this as in direct violation of their traditional values.

The United States dominated the world economically and politically. We became the richest country in the history of the world. In many cases our multi-national corporations used cheap labor and cheap natural resources from the underdeveloped world to become extremely wealthy.

The 20th Century has been the most violent century in history. The bloodiest official wars: Dates

War

Military Death Toll

1911-1920
1914-1918
1918-1921
1927-1937
1935-1936
1936-1939
1937-1945
1945-1954
1945-1949
1950-1953
1954-1962
1956-1972
1965-1973
1980-1988
1980-1989

Mexican Revolution
World War I
Russian Civil War
Chinese Civil War
Abyssinian War (Italy vs. Ethiopia)
Spanish Civil War
World War II
French Indo-China
Chinese Civil War
Korean War
French-Algerian War
Sudanese Civil War
Vietnam War
Iran-Iraq War
Afghanistan (Soviets and Afghanis)

200.000
8.500.000
800,000
400,000
75,000
200,000
20,000,000
385,000
1,200,000
1,200,000
160,000
100,000
1,200,000
850,000
150,000

Other atrocities include:
Date
Event
1900-1908
Congo Uprisings
1975-1979
Khmer Rouge in Cambodia
1914-1918
Armenian Genocide
1962-1992
Ethiopian Civil Wars
1971
East Pakistan Massacres
1976-1992
Mozambique Civil War
1994
Rwanda
1975-1994
Angola Civil War
1965-1967
Indonesian Communists
1991-now
Somalia Chaos

Total Estimated
Death Toll (Est.)
1,000,000
21,500,000
8,800,000
3,100,000
710,000
365,000
50,000,000
1,300,000
6,194,000
595,000
675,000
500,000
1,710,000
1,000,000
1,800,000

Death Toll
3 million
1.65 million
1.5 million
1.4 million
1.25 million
.8 million
.8 million
.6 million
.5 million
.35 million

1. Questions of periodization
Continuities and breaks, causes of changes from the previous period and within this period: 1914 – World War I begins; world becomes smaller through communication and transportation; WWII; end of imperialism; domination of American culture; Cold War; advanced technology; space race; nationalism

2.
Global Event
The World Wars
Holocaust

Impact in General
Reduction of European influence outside of Europe (end of imperialism) Rise of power of the U.S.
Increase in Zionism – would affect Middle East

The Cold War

Nuclear Weaponry

International
Organizations

3.

Concept of “crimes against humanity”
Globalization of diplomacy and conflict;
Countries were either aligned with the “east” (Soviets -- Communism) or the “west” (U.S. -- capitalism)
Global balance of power achieved because each country recognized the other country had nuclear weapons and they would respond – if the Soviets dropped a bomb, the U.S. would be able to send just as many bombs to the Soviet Union and we would all be dead!

Diplomacy at different levels
Groups for different causes and issues
League of Nations – world peace
United Nations – world peace
NATO – European and American alliance against Soviets
European Union – economic and political unity of Europe
NAFTA – economic free trade zone in North America
ASEAN – free trade zone in South East Asia
International Red Cross/Crescent – humanitarian
Amnesty International – human rights
Greenpeace – environmental
Organization of African Unity (OAU)
Central American Common Market – economic
Nonaligned Movement – 110 developing nations who seek to cooperate on...
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