Topics: Petroleum, Climate change, Climate Pages: 7 (1821 words) Published: March 8, 2014
Study Guide for Final Exam

The final will be cumulative, although much of the test will focus somewhat more heavily on the material covered since the last midterm. There will be some questions that have been taken directly from the two earlier midterms. You’ll almost certainly recognize these questions; if you’ve reviewed the earlier exams with me in class (or in person) & know the answers to most or all of the questions, you’ll breeze through them. Read each question carefully, though, as you may be reading a question (or a variant of a question) that was on a different version of the test than the one you received (e.g., I pulled the question from an older “A” test, but you received the “B” test). Make sure you know what you’re being asked, and that the word you think you read was actually the word on the test. Please ask if you have questions.

As with the midterms, you will need to bring a blue computer form for taking the test. There will be true/false questions (worth 2 points each), multiple choice questions (worth 3 points each), and five “fill in the blanks” questions worth 5 points each (total = 25 points). These “fill in the blanks” questions will be based upon a 1- or 2-paragraph discussion about an environmental topic of my choice. There will not be any essay questions.

Point spread:
True/False:17 @ 2 pts each= 34 points
Multiple choice:22 @ 3 pts each= 66 points
Fill in the blanks: 5 @ 5 pts each= 25 points
TOTAL:125 points

As for what to study, below are some general guidelines regarding the past few sections studied, organized by section. Once again, these are very general suggestions! You need to know the broad concepts, but also be aware of the details underlying them. Remember to read (if you haven’t already) the chapters listed in the syllabus for each section.

What is Science?

What is science – a body of knowledge, a process, a way of thinking, or what? What are hypotheses? Facts? Laws? Theories? How are these related? How do they differ? What is involved in “doing” science?

What is “empirical science”? What are “historical sciences”? How do these sciences differ from one another?

Science, Environment, and Problems

What is the environment?
What is environmental science?
What is the history of the environmental movement? Be ready to compare the three forms of conservation we discussed in class: utilitarian conservation, biocentric conservation, and environmentalism.

Matter, Energy, and Life

What is ecology?
What are living organisms made of? How do matter and energy differ? What makes organic molecules different from other molecules? What is the key element involved? Why is this element so critical? How does photosynthesis work? (As discussed in class.) How and where is energy stored? How is this energy released? What are trophic levels? What are food webs? How are these characterized?

Biological Communities and Biomes

What are biological communities? What are species? What are populations? What are ecosystems? How do these differ from one another? What are niches?
What are predation, parasitism, etc.? How about competition? Symbiosis? What are the different kinds of symbiosis, and how do they differ? What are the properties of communities?

Evolution – History and Significance

What is evolution? Why is it considered a scientific theory? How is this different from a “hunch”- or “guess”-type theory? Who first proposed evolution by means of natural selection? On what observations did he (or they) base his (or their) theory? What are the components of evolution? At what level - individual, population, species, etc. - does evolution work? What does the scientific theory of evolution explain? What does it not explain? What supporting evidence for evolution is now available to us? Why is an understanding of evolution and how it works so important in environmental sciences?

Population Growth...
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