1. David Kolb’s model(SLIDE 5)
David Kolb published the learning styles model in 1984. David A. Kolb's model is based on the Experiential learning Theory. The theory is called "Experiential Learning" to emphasize the central role that experience plays in the learning process. Based on the 4 stage learning cycle, Kolb also identified four learning styles which correspond to these stages.The styles highlight conditions under which learners learn better. These styles are: I. Diverging (CE/RO)
II. Assimilating (AC/RO)
III. Converging (AC/AE)
IV. Accommodating (CE/AE)
Depending upon the situation or environment, the learners may enter the learning cycle at any point and will best learn the new task if they practice all four modes. (SLIDE 6) ØConcrete experience [CE] (feeling): Learning from specific experiences and relating to people. ØReflective observation [RO] (watching): Observing before making a judgment by viewing the environment from different perspectives. ØAbstract conceptualization [AC] (thinking): Logical analysis of ideas and acting on intellectual understanding of a situation ØActive experimentation [AE] (doing): Ability to get things done by influencing people and events through action. Eg: Learning to ride a bicycle:
Concrete experience - Receiving practical tips and techniques from a biking expert Reflective observation - Thinking about riding and watching another person ride a bike. Abstract conceptualization - Understanding the theory and having a clear grasp of the biking concept. Active experimentation - Leaping on the bike and have a go at it. Thus Effective learning is seen when a person progresses through a cycle of four stages: of (1) having a concrete experience followed by (2) observation of and reflection on that experience which leads to (3) the formation of abstract concepts (analysis) and generalizations (conclusions) which are then (4) used to test hypothesis in future situations, resulting in new experiences. (SLIDE...
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