Difference Between Psychological and Ethical Egoism

Topics: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture Pages: 1 (308 words) Published: October 31, 2013
Explain the difference between psychological and ethical egoism, and why Rachels rejects both of these theories. Do you think his arguments are convincing? Why, or why not?

Psychological egoism: all men are selfish in everything that they do; the only motive from which anyone ever acts is self interest Even if what they do is benefiting others, they are to believe that whatever they are doing is actually to their own benefit

Ethical egoism: a normative view about how men ought to act. Regardless how men behave, they have no obligation to do anything except what is in their own interest A person is always justified in doing whatever

Rachels describes three consequences of cultural relativism (about morality) which he says provide strong reasons to reject the theory. Explain this argument of his. Do you think that the argument really does provide a good reason to reject cultural relativism? Why, or why not?

Cultural relativists (what they think)
Different cultures have different moral codes
the idea of universal truth is a myth, no standard can be used to judge all people There is no objective standard in judging which society code is better The moral code of a specific society has no special status, it is only one amongst many The moral code of a certain culture only determines what is right within that specific society It is arrogant of us to judge the conduct of other people, we should tolerate the moral codes of other cultures Every standard has a cultural bond

William Graham Sumner: The right way is the way of the ancestors, the tradition is the warrant Cultural relativism has challenged the thinking of ethics more than any other topic

James Rachels:
6 ideas stand independently even though they all sound very much related to one another, some might be true even if others are false 
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Psychological Egoism
  • Ethical Egoism Essay
  • Essay about Ethical Egoism
  • Ethical Egoism Essay
  • Psychological Differences Between Men A Essay
  • Psychological Egoism Essay
  • Essay on Ethical Egoism vs Deontological Egoism
  • Psychological Egoism Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Nikos Sculpture Homme Eau de Toilette 100 ml EDT NEU OVP | Hunter X Hunter 44 | regarder 1080p HDRip french film Les Animaux fantastiques Les crimes de Grindelwald (2018)