Business Ethics Chpt1

Topics: Morality, Ethics, Moral psychology Pages: 7 (921 words) Published: September 1, 2013
The Nature of Morality

Lesson Objectives
 Introduction: What is ethics?

What is Ethics?

 Ethics is a study of how we conduct ourselves morally in ____________________________ so that the ________________________________.

 “Ethics is a study of morality and the application of __________ to elucidate specific _______________ that determine right and wrong” (Crane & Matten 2010, p. 8).

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What is Ethics?

 “Ethics is a systematic attempt to make sense of our individual and social moral experience, in such a way as to determine the rules that ought to govern human conduct, the values worth pursuing, and the character traits deserving development in life” (DeGeorge 2010, p. 13).

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What is Ethics?

Some questions of interests in ethics ….
 Individual character  Moral rules that govern us  Questions of right and wrong  Fairness and unfairness  Good and bad  Justice and injustice  Moral responsibility 6

Lesson Objectives

 Introduction: What is ethics?

How do we know that a conduct, act, behavior is ethical?

Moral Standards
 There are standards … in fashion, in grammar, in food, in movies, … etc.  Standards allow us to evaluate whether something is “good” or “bad”.  How do we know whether our conduct, act, behaviour is ethical (morally right) / unethical (immoral)?



A ethical question / moral question needs to be evaluated using _________________ 8

Moral Standards


 Moral standards differ from other kinds of standards because they concern behaviour that is of serious consequence to human welfare. 9

Moral Standards

 Other characteristics:
a) ____________________ standards, including self interest b) Not established / changed by authoritative bodies BUT based on ________________________________ c) Moral standards are based on __________________ considerations (Rachels, cited in Velasquez, M. G. 2012, p. 12); everyone’s interests are equally important

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Moral Reasoning

 Is the conduct, act, behavior ethical / unethical?  YOU NEED MORAL STANDARDS ….

You will have to go through a MORAL _____________ process to make a

MORAL _____________

Moral Judgements

 Moral judgements should be logically reasoned; not ____________________________.  Be ______________.  Be based on ___________.  Be based on moral standards which are compared against our “considered moral beliefs”.

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Lesson Objectives

 Introduction: What is ethics?  How do we know that a conduct, act, behavior is ethical / unethical?

Differentiating morality from etiquette, law and religion

Morality and Law

 LEGAL = MORALLY RIGHT / ETHICAL?  ILLEGAL = IMMORAL / UNETHICAL?

Can we rely solely on law to determine (justify) whether a conduct, act or behaviour is ethical?

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Morality and Law

 An action can be

illegal but morally right  An action that is legal can be morally wrong

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Morality and Law

Can we rely solely on law to determine (justify) whether a conduct is ethical? Not ideal because the law ….  May take time to be established  Can be changed

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Morality and Religion
 Religions do provide certain moral instructions.  Variations of the Golden Rule ‘Do unto others as you would have them do unto you’ … can be found in major religions of the world. No one of you is a believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself. (Islam)



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Morality and Religion

 Can we rely solely on religion to determine (justify) whether a conduct is ethical? ANSWER: No  Religious principles are accepted _________________ ; moral principles ____________ ___________________________ __________. 18

Morality and Religion

 Atheists – need not make a moral judgement, need not be ethical?  Moral instructions of the great religions are general and imprecise.  Divine command theory

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Lesson Objectives

 Introduction: What is ethics?  How do we know that a conduct,...
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